alexios ii komnenos

Alexius II Komnenos (bahasa Yunani: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos') (10 September 1169 – 24 September 1183, Konstantinopel), Kekaisaran Romawi Timur (1180–1183), adalah putra dari Kaisar Manuel I Komnenos dan Maria, putri Raymond, pangeran Antiokhia. Nikephoros III intended to leave the throne to one of his close relatives,[10] and this resulted in Maria's ambivalence and alliance with the Komnenoi, though the real driving force behind this political alliance was Anna Dalassene. For other uses, see, Portrait of Emperor Alexios I, from a Greek manuscript. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Hoewel hy nie die stigter van die dinastie was nie, was dit tydens sy bewind dat die Komnenos-dinastie op sy magtigste was. … Alexios' father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch.He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. Komnenos (1263–1266) Georg Komnenos (1266–1280) Johannes II. Alexios Komnenos, co-emperor from 1122 to 1142 2. He was the elder son of John II and Eudokia Palaiologina. Alexios II Komnenos: Succeeded by: Isaac II Angelos: Personal details Born c. 1118 Died 12 September 1185 (aged 66–67) Constantinople Spouse(s) Anna of France Eudokia Komnene Philippa of Antioch Theodora Komnene: Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I … Alexios II. Hoewel hy sy seun Johannes II Komnenos in 1092 op vyfjarige ouderdom as medekeiser aangestel het, wou sy vrou, Irene Doukaina, hê hy moes die opvolging verander ten gunste van hulle dogter Anna en Anna se man, Nikephoros Bryennios die jongere. Alexios I Komnenos (tiếng Hy Lạp: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 hoặc 1056 – 15 tháng 8, 1118), là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1081 đến năm 1118. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118), Latinized Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. During this time, Alexios was rumored to be the lover of Empress Maria of Alania, the daughter of King Bagrat IV of Georgia, who had been successively married to Michael VII Doukas and his successor Nikephoros III Botaneiates, and who was renowned for her beauty. Alexios II Komnenos — Emperor (q.v.) He was loved by his subjects, who gave him the name 'John the Good'. Leben. Fiancé of Agnès de France, byzantine empress Alexios II Megas Komnenos or Alexius II, was Emperor of Trebizond from 1297 to 1330. Alexios IV Angelos, the son of the deposed Isaac II, had recently escaped from Constantinople and now appealed to the crusaders, promising to end the schism of East and West, to pay for their transport, and to provide military support to the crusaders if they helped him to depose his uncle and sit on his father's throne. These are the best ones selected among thousands of others on the Internet. Led by a pretender claiming to be Constantine Diogenes, a long-dead son of the Emperor Romanos IV,[31] the Cumans crossed the mountains and raided into eastern Thrace until their leader was eliminated at Adrianople. Bei Manuels Tod 1180 proklamierte sich Maria, die unter dem Namen „Xene“ in einen Konvent … The crusade was a notable success for Byzantium, as Alexios recovered a number of important cities and islands. However, his mother consolidated the Doukas family connection by arranging the Emperor's marriage to Irene Doukaina, granddaughter of the Caesar John Doukas, the uncle of Michael … In 1090 the Pechenegs invaded Thrace again,[28] while Tzachas, the brother-in-law of the Sultan of Rum, launched a fleet and attempted to arrange a joint siege of Constantinople with the Pechenegs. [42], In 1116, though already terminally ill, Alexios conducted a series of defensive operations in Bythinia and Mysia to defend his Anatolian territories against the inroads of Malik Shah, the Seljuq Sultan of Iconium. en The massacre followed the deposition of Maria of Antioch, a Norman … Alexios' policy of integration of the nobility bore the fruit of continuity: every Byzantine emperor who reigned after Alexios I Komnenos was related to him by either descent or marriage. One of his first acts was to banish his scheming sister Anna to a monastery, but at least this allowed her to write her Alexiadhistory in peace. Alexios II from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum. On account of his mild and just reign, he has been called the Byzantine Marcus Aurelius. [9] Anna then protested that the family was in fear for their lives, her sons were loyal subjects (Alexios and Isaac were discovered absent without leave), and had learned of a plot by enemies of the Komnenoi to have them both blinded and had, therefore, fled the capital so they may continue to be of loyal service to the emperor. The historian T. E. Gregory here summarises the accomplishments of Alexios I Komnenos: [39] Transferring each contingent into Asia, Alexios promised to supply them with provisions in return for their oaths of homage. [citation needed] Alexios suffered several defeats before he was able to strike back with success. At the outset he faced the formidable attack of the Normans, led by Robert Guiscard and his son Bohemund, who took Dyrrhachium and Corfu and laid siege to Larissa in Thessaly[5] (see Battle of Dyrrhachium). He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. She also demanded that the cross be personally sent by Botaneiates as a vow of his good faith. Also known as "John the Beautiful" or "John the Good" (Kaloïōannēs), he was the eldest son of Emperor Alexios and Irene Doukaina and the second emperor to rule during the Komnenian restoration of the … Leben. aka Alexios II Palaiologos Megas KOMNENOS; EMPEROR in Trebizond. Under one of these emperors, Romanos IV Diogenes (1067–1071), Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks. Neu!! Johannes II Komnenos: Vrou Irene Doukaina Vader Johannes Komnenos Moeder Anna Dalassene Alexios I Komnenos of Comnenus (Grieks: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, omstreeks 1048 tot 15 Augustus 1118) was van 1081 tot 1118 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. Alexios II. [1] John II Komnenos married Princess Piroska of Hungary (renamed Irene), a daughter of King Ladislaus I of Hungary in 1104; the marriage was intended as compensation for the loss of some territories to King Coloman of Hungary. [25] Paulician soldiers in imperial service likewise deserted during Alexios' battles with the Normans. Komnenos (griechisch Ἀλέξιος Β' Κομνηνός, * 10. September 1167 in Konstantinopel; † Oktober 1183) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1180 bis 1183. As stated in the Alexiad, Isaac and Alexios left Constantinople in mid-February 1081 to raise an army against Botaneiates. When Alexios died of disease on 15 August 1118 CE, his son John became emperor as John II Komnenos. [44] The years were marked by persecution of the followers of the Paulician and Bogomil heresies[45]—one of his last acts was to publicly burn at the stake Basil, a Bogomil leader, with whom he had engaged in a theological dispute. Poss. In 1182 CE Androniko… Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Αʹ Κομνηνός, 1048 or 1056 – 15 August 1118), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Alexios II Komnenos (tiếng Hy Lạp: Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός (Alexios II Komnēnos)) (10 tháng 9, 1169 – Tháng 10, 1183) là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1180 đến năm 1183. Alexios I Komnenos, Latinized as Alexius I Comnenus (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Α' Κομνηνός; 1056 – 15 August 1118, though some sources list his date of birth as 1048), was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. This request was granted and Anna then manifested her true theatrical and manipulative capabilities: She was allowed to enter. [43], During the last twenty years of his life Alexios lost much of his popularity. phil., vorgelegt dem Fachbereich 07 Geschichts- und Kulturwissenschaften der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz von João Vicente de Medeiros Publio Dias aus São Paulo, Brasilien 2020 Alexios II Komnenos (1180–1183) A twelve year old child when his father Manuel died, Alexios II’s reign is a brief story of inept regency and opportunistic, long-awaited usurpation. : Alexios I Komnenos Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans Portrait of Emperor Alexios I, from a Greek manuscript Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Reign 1 April 1081[1] – 15 August 1118 Coronation 5 April 1081[2] Predecessor Nikephoros III Botaneiates Successor John II Komnenos Born 1048/1056 Died 15 August 1118 (age 70) Spouse Irene Doukaina Issue Anna Komnene Maria Komnene John II Komnenos… Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassene,[3] and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). A conspiracy in 1084 involving several senators and officers of the army. Bei Manuels Tod 1180 proklamierte sich Maria, die unter dem Namen „Xene“ in einen Konvent … He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch.He was the long-awaited male heir and was named Alexius as a fulfilment of the AIMA prophecy. In 1087 the Pechenegs raided into Thrace, and Alexios crossed into Moesia to retaliate but failed to take Dorostolon (Silistra). Komnenos wurde geboren am 10. Alexios proved to be a skillful and energetic ruler, under whose rule the Empire of Trebizond reached the climax of its prosperity. 1 Overview 1.1 Byzantium 1.2 Alexios I Komnenos 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 Strategy 4 Music 5 Mod Support 5.1 Events and Decisions 5.2 Unique Cultural … Alexios’ father declined the throne on the abdication of Isaac, who was thus succeeded by four emperors of other families between 1059 and 1081. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Alexios II from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum. Alexis 1048-1118 keizer van Constantinopel I Komnenos. Son of Manuel I Komnenos, Emperor of Byzantium and Maria de Poitiers, Princess of Antioch Manuel Komnenos, born February 1097 and known only from a manuscript now in Moscow, died probably soon after his birth, Zoe Komnene, born March 1098 and known only from a manuscript now in Moscow, died probably soon after her birth, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 18:44. Poss. Alexios II. Baron … (Trapezunt) Alexios II … Deutsch Wikipedia. From there she negotiated with the emperor for the safety of family members left in the capital, while protesting her sons' innocence of hostile actions. Alexios I. Komnenos (1204–1222) Andronikos I. However, his mother consolidated the Doukas family connection by arranging the Emperor's marriage to Irene Doukaina, granddaughter of the Caesar John Doukas, the uncle of Michael VII, who would not have supported Alexios otherwise. A member of the extended imperial family, Alexios came to throne after deposing, blinding, and imprisoning his younger brother Isaac II Angelos. Media in category "Alexios II Komnenos" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [24], Alexios next had to deal with disturbances in Thrace, where the heretical sects of the Bogomils and the Paulicians revolted and made common cause with the Pechenegs from beyond the Danube. [37], The "Prince's Crusade", the second and much more formidable host of crusaders, gradually made its way to Constantinople, led in sections by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemond of Taranto, Raymond IV of Toulouse, and other important members of the western nobility. Alexius I Comnenus, also spelled Alexios I Komnenos, (born 1057, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died August 15, 1118), Byzantine emperor (1081–1118) at the time of the First Crusade who founded the Comnenian dynasty and partially restored the strength of the empire after its defeats by the Normans and Turks in the 11th century. The crusaders believed their oaths were made invalid when the Byzantine contingent under Tatikios failed to help them during the siege of Antioch;[citation needed] Bohemund, who had set himself up as Prince of Antioch,[40] briefly went to war with Alexios in the Balkans, but he was blockaded by the Byzantine forces and agreed to become a vassal of Alexios by the Treaty of Devol in 1108. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118), Latinized Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. [22] Nevertheless, he remained in good relations with the imperial family and succumbed to his weak constitution soon afterwards. Under one of these emperors, Romanos IV Diogenes (1067–1071), Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks. Under one of these emperors, Romanos IV Diogenes (1068–1071), Alexios served with distinction against the Seljuq Turks. It was introduced along with the electrum aspron trachy worth a third of a hyperpyron and about 25% gold and 75% silver, the billon aspron trachy or stamenon,[55] valued at 48 to the hyperpyron and with 7% silver wash and the copper tetarteron and noummion worth 18 and 36 to the billon aspron trachy.[56]. He also secured the alliance of Henry, Count of Monte Sant'Angelo, who controlled the Gargano Peninsula and dated his charters by Alexios' reign. The Norman danger subsided with the death of Guiscard in 1085, and the Byzantines recovered most of their losses. Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against both the Seljuq Turks in Asia Minor and the Normans in the western Balkans, Alexios was able to curb the Byzantine decline and begin the military, financial, and territorial recovery known as the Komnenian restoration. Komnenos (mittelgriechisch Ἀλέξιος Βʹ Κομνηνός; * 10. Although he had crowned his son John II Komnenos co-emperor at the age of five in 1092, his wife, Irene Doukaina wished to alter the succession in favor of their daughter Anna and Anna's husband, Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger. His young… The couple were the progenitors of the Imperial dynasty. Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . Not quite ready to supply this number of people as they traversed his territories, the emperor saw his Balkan possessions subjected to further pillage at the hands of his own allies. [37] Due to the troubled times the empire was enduring, he had by far the greatest number of rebellions against him of all the Byzantine emperors. As a measure intended to keep the support of the Doukai, Alexios restored Constantine Doukas, the young son of Michael VII and Maria, as co-emperor[21] and a little later betrothed him to his own first-born daughter Anna, who moved into the Mangana Palace with her fiancé and his mother. In 1074, western mercenaries led by Roussel de Bailleul rebelled in Asia Minor,[6] but Alexios successfully subdued them by 1076. In 1117 he moved onto the offensive and pushed his army deep into the Turkish-dominated Anatolian Plateau, where he defeated the Seljuq sultan at the Battle of Philomelion. [9] Straboromanos tried to give Anna his cross, but for her it was not sufficiently large enough for all bystanders to witness the oath. Alexios was the son of the Domestic of the Schools John Komnenos and Anna Dalassena, and the nephew of Isaac I Komnenos (emperor 1057–1059). (řecky Αλέξιος Β’ Κομνηνός, Alexios II Komnēnos, někdy latinsky Alexius II. He enhanced his resistance by bribing the German king Henry IV with 360,000 gold pieces to attack the Normans in Italy,[23] which forced the Normans to concentrate on their defenses at home in 1083–84. Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. Ancestors are fromHungary, France, Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Byzantine Empire. Isaak Komnenos (Sohn Alexios’ I) Geographie Geschichte Religion Gesellschaft Technik Kunst und Kultur Wissenschaft. Johannes Dukas Komnenos (* 1128; † kurz nach 17. Alexios' reform of the Byzantine monetary system was an important basis for the financial recovery and therefore supported the so-called Komnenian restoration, as the new coinage restored financial confidence. 2 Chainz: 2 Pistols: 2Face Idibia: 2xC: 3LAU: 3phase: 3Plusss: 4tune: 6ix9ine: 6lack: 7inch: 7Ray: 9th Wonder: 12 Finger Dan: 12th Planet: 18 Karat: 21 Savage: 40 Glocc: 50 Cent: 360 (Rapper) 386 DX: 4000: A+ (Musiker) A Cheng: William à Court, 1. Sep 24 1183 - (Vermoord in September 1183), Manuel i van Komnenos (Keizer van Byzantium), Maria van Poitou (Keizerin van Byzantium), Agnes van Frankrijk (Keizerin van Byzantium), Emperor Manuel of Byzantium, i Komnenos, Maria of Antioch, Manuel I. Komnenos von Byzanz, Maria von Antiochien, ...uel i van Byzantium Empereur de Byzance du 8 Avril 1143 Au 24 Septembr Komnenós, Maria van de Poitiers ; Empress of Constantinople Antiochia, Sep 10 1169 - Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, Istanbul, Turkey, Sep 24 1183 - Constantinople, Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey, Alexios Ii van Komnenos (Keizer van Byzantium 1180), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexios_II_Komnenos, Birth of Alexios II Komnenos, byzantine emperor. Alexios II Komnenos, byzantine emperor: Also Known As: "император АЛЕКСИЙ II Комнин" Birthdate: September 10, 1169: Birthplace: Constantinople, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey: Death: September 24, 1183 (14) Constantinople, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey (murdered) Immediate Family: Alexios II Komnenos (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. By his marriage with Irene Doukaina, Alexios I had the following children:[58], "Alexius I" redirects here. WikiMatrix. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond of Poitiers, prince of Antioch. Alexios II. [9] The tutor discovered they were missing and eventually found them on the palace grounds, but Anna was able to convince him that they would return to the palace shortly. As if she were weighed down with old age and worn out by grief, she walked slowly and when she approached the actual entrance to the sanctuary made two genuflections; on the third she sank to the floor and taking firm hold of the sacred doors, cried in a loud voice: "Unless my hands are cut off, I will not leave this holy place except on one condition: that I receive the emperor's cross as guarantee of safety". He would found the Komnenoi dynasty which included five … The mother of Alexios, Anna Dalassene, was to play a prominent role in this coup d'état of 1081, along with the current empress, Maria of Alania. 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