In addition, employers rarely provided workers a contract to keep or in their language. While the electronic payment system increased the ability of labor inspectors to verify wage payments, observers reported concerns that some workers were unable to access their funds due to a lack of ATMs near some ports, insufficient training on how to use the system, and the withholding of workers’ ATM cards and PINs by vessel owners, captains, or brokers. Traffickers exploit some migrants in labor trafficking often through debt-based coercion and fraudulent promises of well-paid employment; brokers and other recruitment agencies impose excessive fees on workers before they arrive in Thailand. "Human trafficking and slavery are against the law in Thailand. The government increased efforts to protect victims. Through government-to-government formal migration channels, the government assisted 28,820 Thais to obtain employment abroad in 2018, including by providing job placement assistance. • Enforce regular payment of wages, requirements that employers pay recruitment fees of migrant workers, and the rights of employees to retain possession of their own identity and financial documents. Perpetrators will be severely punished," it says, followed by a hotline number for people to report cases. Children in orphanages are vulnerable to trafficking. The Prime Minister oversaw the government’s anti-trafficking efforts through the Supervisory Policy Committee on Addressing Trafficking in Persons and Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing. The tourism body said in March that the country is aiming to move forward as a "quality destination" and it strongly opposed any form of sex tourism. NGOs reported difficulty accessing victims they had supported once they entered MSDHS shelters; this, combined with insufficient communication from shelter staff, discouraged NGOs from further cooperating with the government or referring victims to authorities. Thailand is a source, transit and destination country for human trafficking12. Members of ethnic minorities, highland persons, and stateless persons in Thailand have experienced instances of abuse indicative of trafficking. The lack of a requirement that employment contracts be written in both Thai and workers’ languages, lack of clear guidance to measure work and rest hours for workers aboard fishing vessels, and difficulty for workers to change employers heightened the risk of trafficking. • Increase the ability of victims, especially adults, to move freely in and out of shelters and access communication devices. Labor inspectors could be held personally liable for claims of abuse of power under Thai law, which may have discouraged them from reporting suspected exploitation. Provincial labor offices required workers recruited under MOUs to present many documents that workers often could not provide without brokers’ assistance in order to approve job changes. Prostitution flourished especially after the abolishment of slavery in 1905 as former slave wives under the feudal system found themselves alone and without financial support. The Office of the Judiciary also organized a seminar for interpreters working on trafficking cases in the courts. Thailand's sex industry is a human trafficking destination. An estimated 5.5 million of these are children. Observers reported government policies contributed to the exploitation of migrants employed in Thai border regions, including within the 10 developing special economic zones. Last year a record 35 million tourists visited the country, and the government expects it to rise to 37.6 million this year. It is also a hotbed of human trafficking and abuse. The government coordinated with these service centers to provide heath checks, collect biometric and personal data, and issue work permits to 1,187,803 workers in 2018. There has also been a rise of "advocacy tourism", where holiday-makers sign up for travel packages to learn about issues like modern slavery. Government data showed Thailand welcomed a record 35 million visitors in 2017, and forecasted it to rise to 37.6 million this year. 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The Ministerial Regulation on Labor Protection for Sea Fishers, which took effect in April 2018, required Thai vessels operating outside Thai waters to provide messaging data to workers for communicating with government agencies and personal contacts. More Pressure Needed on Myanmar to Take Back Rohingya: Bangladeshi PM. In 2018, government hotlines received 161 calls related to possible trafficking cases, including at least 18 involving forced labor (172 calls in 2017 and 269 calls in 2016), leading to the prosecution of 63 cases (73 cases in 2017). Although authorities have prosecuted some boat captains in prior years, observers continued to report a reluctance by some law enforcement officials to investigate boat captains whom they perceived to have connections with politicians. #EndTrafficking https://t.co/9xfHNAMhS9. Perpetrators will be severely punished,” it says, followed by a hotline number for people to report cases. Our Fight For Press Freedom . To facilitate the ability of undocumented migrant workers to register with the government, twelve “one stop” service centers operated by the governments of Burma, Cambodia, and Laos in Thailand conducted nationality verification for migrant workers, which allowed them to obtain identity documents without leaving Thailand. The government did not report investigating illegal salary deductions. Children from Thailand, Burma, Laos, and Cambodia are victims of sex trafficking in brothels, massage parlors, bars, karaoke lounges, hotels, and private residences. This included handbooks for police and prosecutors to guide the investigation and prosecution of trafficking cases. Labor inspectors, for the first time, identified and referred potential victims to multidisciplinary teams, resulting in the identification of labor trafficking victims. Both internal and cross-border trafficking occur in and from Thailand, for sex and labour exploitation. Human trafficking, sex tourism, Thailand, sustainable development, media. TRAFFICKING UNDER THE VEIL OF SEX TOURISM IN THAILAND – REACTIONS OF THE EU Izlaganje na znanstvenom skupu UDK: 343.431(5-12) 343.544(5-12) Zrinka Gugić, PhD student University of Osijek PhD School for Social Sciences and Humanities HUMAN TRAFFICKING UNDER THE VEIL OF SEX TOURISM IN THAILAND – REACTIONS OF THE EU Abstract : The statistics shows that considering the … The government opened two new child advocacy centers, which served as child-friendly spaces where law enforcement, NGOs, and social workers could conduct forensic interviews of child trafficking victims; this brought the total number of centers to five. The government identified 631 victims in 2018 (455 in 2017), 401 of whom the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) reported assisting in government shelters (360 in 2017). Opinnäytetyön aihe on ihmis-kaupan ja turismin väliset suhteet. NGOs reported the government did not consistently provide repatriation assistance to victims who declined to participate in law enforcement investigations. Section 33 of Thailand’s Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, B.E. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. But it has also come under the international spotlight in recent years over what rights groups describe as widespread human trafficking, including women forced into selling sex and fishermen trapped in conditions akin to modern slavery. The government utilized administrative punishments against some suspected complicit officials, such as suspensions or transfers to new positions, rather than subjecting them to criminal prosecutions; the government expelled seven officials suspected of complicity from government service in 2018 but only reported initiating prosecutions against three. 18 April 2018. The government did not report investigating employers who illegally charged fees to such migrant workers. Its victims often end up being sexually exploited in travel and tourist destinations around the globe. While the number of migrant workers entering Thailand through bilateral MOUs continued to increase, high costs, difficulties in obtaining identity documents in home countries, and administrative barriers to change employers continued to impede greater usage of this mechanism. In addition, the government’s criminal defamation laws allowed companies to pursue criminal charges against potential victims and advocates during the reporting period, and the government did not report investigating company owners for subjecting these workers to exploitation. You will get the updates within 24 hours. Advocates reported a need for the government to increase training of front-line police to better identify potential victims. Nonetheless, observers reported labor officials interviewed workers in the presence of their employers and brokers at post-arrival centers, which could deter workers from reporting exploitation. The government prosecuted and convicted fewer traffickers and investigated only 43 cases of labor trafficking. Observers reported MDTs were sometimes reluctant to make identifications unless a case was likely to result in a successful prosecution. MOL officers screened the travel documents of departing Thai workers at border checkpoints and denied their departure if they deemed the documentation suspicious. Credible reports indicate some corrupt officials protect brothels, other commercial sex venues, and fishing vessel owners from raids and inspections and collude with traffickers. • Increase the provision of financial compensation and restitution to victims. Thai law permitted recruitment agencies to charge recruitment fees to Thais seeking overseas employment and excessive fees incurred by some workers made them vulnerable to debt bondage or other exploitative conditions. Such practices deterred victims and advocates from reporting abuses to authorities. In shopping malls, cinemas and train stations across the capital, Bangkok, videos show visitors how to look out for signs of human trafficking. MDTs, which comprised government agencies and NGOs, utilized standard screening guidelines to formally identify victims and refer them to services. The Southeast Asian nation is consistently ranked as one of the world's best tourists destinations. Employers reportedly convinced Thai law enforcement to bring criminal charges against exploited workers for theft when workers attempted to leave or change jobs. • Increase collaboration with local civil society organizations in migrant worker assistance centers, post-arrival centers, and government shelters, including in the provision of services to victims. Some victims continued to report reluctance to participate in prosecutions due to fears of detention and extended shelter stays, fears of experiencing retaliation from traffickers, and language barriers. Victims are often trafficked into Thailand through established migration routes from neighbouring states with significantly lower levels of socio-economic development. Weaknesses in Thailand’s labor laws preventing migrant workers from forming labor unions may have contributed to exploitation. The government has also enlisted Thai Airways to show anti-trafficking in-flight videos on its international routes since February, said Nuttavika Tamthai, a spokeswoman for the national carrier. 3,598 cases of human trafficking reported to the National Human Trafficking Resource Center . • Support the development of victim-centric and trauma-informed approaches among judges overseeing trafficking cases. These … We need the hotel groups, we need the tourists, we need everybody who can to join in," Enlund said. The government provided approximately 2.4 million baht ($74,190) for witness protection services for 15 witnesses in trafficking cases in 2018, compared to 4.3 million baht ($132,920) for 52 witnesses in 2017. In 2018, the government conducted 259 labor inspections at on-land seafood processing workplaces and found 88 cases of labor law violations. • Proactively investigate and prosecute officials allegedly complicit in facilitating trafficking, and convict and punish those found guilty with adequate sentences. Whether the reality of sex tourism is a form of economic exploitation or a violation of human rights, the country image of Thailand has been jeopardised by this association of Thailand with sex tourism over a long period. The Ministry of Tourism organized a seminar with government officials, businesses, tourism professionals, and others to raise awareness of trafficking in tourism industries. The government amended the anti-trafficking law in 2015 to provide protection to whistleblowers but did not report applying this new provision. A growing number of countries around the world are turning to the tourism sector to help combat human trafficking, including training frontline hotel and airline staff to spot the signs. The government employed 84 language coordinators (74 in 2017) and 69 interpreters (74 in 2017) in 2018. Adult guests who check in with a child, repeat cash bookings, or late check-ins without luggage could all be signs of modern slavery under guidance newly issued to staff at a British hotel chain. Observers reported the capacity of some provincial labor inspectors to identify potential victims improved. From airports to shopping malls, Thailand is ramping up a campaign targeting tourists in its latest effort to keep the country free from human trafficking, as officials eye better international ratings. Traffickers use Thailand as a transit country for victims from China, North Korea, Vietnam, Bangladesh, India, and Burma whom traffickers subject to sex trafficking and forced labor in countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Russia, South Korea, the United States, and countries in Western Europe. The Government of Thailand does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. However, NGOs reported the regulations on recruitment fees were poorly defined and enforced, and recruitment agencies and brokers still required workers to pay recruitment fees and transportation costs. Prosecutors frequently looked for evidence of physical force in labor trafficking cases. The complicated nature of government registration and, in many cases, low levels of literacy resulted in reliance on brokers who often overcharged workers to obtain documents, thereby increasing their vulnerability to debt bondage. 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