The ordered assassination of Trotsky was the final stage of Stalin's rise to power. History was re-written so that Stalin became a more important part in the Russian Revolution and Civil War than he actually had been. He had, according to Lynch, given Stalin the freedom to take the initiative. Propaganda also helped to identify Stalin’s opponents and gave him an excuse for dealing with them. Why was Stalin able to win the power struggle? Bukharin " riding towards socialism on peasant nag." The main reason for this was to make life harder for Trotsky. Stalin ordered that this took place in Mexico, where he had lived when he was exiled from the Soviet Union. Throughout the summer of 1923, Lenin lay close to death, and a lull settled over the political struggle. Collectivisation began most intensely between 1929 and 1933. All rights reserved. ?He was a very skilful politician who had a superb grasp of tactics, could predict behavior extremely well and had an eye for personal weakness? Trotsky seemed to hold the most powerful position, thanks to his close friendship with Lenin before the Soviet leader's strokes, but an opposition had already begun to emerge. Revolutions -The March Revolution (1914) Russia was a mixed up land dominated by land owing nobles, priests, and their ruler czar. In simple terms: 1. the Left desired rapid industrialisation and collectivisation of agriculture: in other words, the abandonment of the NEP. Additionally, rivals did not realize the way the party had changed from its earlier days and nights. Archpriest of Leninism, Stalin also promoted his own cult in the following year by having the city of Tsaritsyn renamed Stalingrad (now Volgograd). Links. Why was Stalin able to establish his dictatorship in Russia? There were three Five Year Plans altogether and each plan had different objectives.The 1st plan focused on building up heavy industry like coal, steel, railways, electricity and machinery. If Collectivisation hadn’t have been introduced then the five year plans wouldn’t have succeeded.The 2nd plan concentrated on improvements in transport and in the production of machinery. Link-Therefore Stalin's position as Secretary-General enabled him to have control over the party and broaden his support base, which he manipulated to increase his political influence. He was convinced that the army was plotting against his downfall probably because his influence over the party was less than over the army. This was where the connection was between the Five-Year and Collectivisation. Joseph Stalin, secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–53) and premier of the Soviet state (1941–53), who for a quarter of a century dictatorially ruled the Soviet Union and transformed it into a major world power. But the battle lines were forming in the Politburo and Central Committee. (Tucker 202) When Lenin fell ill, Stalin ... position. Stalin was, by opportunism or careful planning, able to gain control of the party machine and use it to his advantage, and use his own political skills to out manoeuvre his opponents, while they often displayed lackluster tactics in a vain attempt to win the support of a party loyal to Stalin. In the first years of the Bolshevik regime, however, few thought of Stalin as a potential leader. Joseph Stalin - Joseph Stalin - Lenin’s successor: After Lenin’s death, in January 1924, Stalin promoted an extravagant, quasi-Byzantine cult of the deceased leader. Much of its majority peasant population endured stark poverty. Firstly is how Stalin used his position as General Secretary, as well as jealousies between the leaders and Trotsky’s illness to stage-manage Lenin’s funeral. As Lenin's health starts to fail, the struggle to become his successor picks up speed with Stalin maneuvering closer and closer to power. The main defendants in the other trials were Pyatakov, Sokolnikov, Serebryakov, Radek, Bukharin and Rykov.The Show Trials were one of Stalin’s many forms of propaganda, to scare people. Learn more about Stalin in this article. When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of his intended plans for the Bolshevik party. But it did enormously increased production and Russia was transformed from backward agricultural nation into the world’s second greatest power.After evaluating all the above reasons for helping Stalin stay in power I believe that all the above reasons were equally important as if one wouldn’t have happened the others wouldn’t have even happened. Stalin still ... to run the party. When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of his intended plans for the Bolshevik party. Analyzing The Struggle For Power In Four Novels: Fahrenheit 451, Invis; Comparing Hitler And Stalin In Their Rise To Power. People often wanted to avoid arrest and did so by providing information about others, even if it was false information. The failure of Communism in the West has also been advanced as an explanation for the success of Stalin in his rise to power, a view given much support from Lee and Colletti, who give much emphasis to the failure of the German Revolution is strengthening the position and policy of Stalin. I believe that Stalin did do many bad things in his time but he did succeed Lenin and stay in power for a number of years and without all of the above reasons he wouldn’t have been able to hold onto power for as long as he did. Prof Rempel on Stalin vs Trotsky. Zuehlke, Jeffrey. How about receiving a customized one? after the former leader had died in an attempt to show himself as the natural successor to the leadership of the country. Many dismissed him as a nonentity and a political figure of no real substance. ... Lee believes that this policy of moderation increased the likelihood of his opponents underestimating him, failing to realize the power of his challenge until it was mounted on them. This became known as the Army Purges. Newspapers, cinema and radio spread propaganda about the heroic workers’ struggle and Stalin’s great leadership and personality qualities. One of the main reasons as to why Stalin came to power and not Trotsky, was that Trotsky did not attend Lenin’s ... leader. The threat of war, however ill founded, was influential in Stalin?s future policies to ensure Russian survival. Bullock points out that the apparent commitment of Stalin to collective leadership after the death of Lenin was another astute move to show his dedication to the former leader, claiming that no one could take Lenin?s place and using the ambition of others to brand them as anti-Leninist and factionalist. The 3rd plan was to transfer more resources into defence-related industries. Stalin's rise to power was entirely down to his ability to manipulate those around him, to make the best of whatever hand he was dealt and his phenomenal memory. He was unable to take advantage of Stalin?s mishandling of the Georgian situation, declining to attack and again missing a vital opportunity when he voted against the publication of Lenin?s ?Testament?. The 3rd plan was cut short, however, to three and a half years; this was due to the invasion of Germany. Stalin (right) seated next to his predecessor as Soviet leader, Lenin. Trotsky?s poor judgment was also evident when he took action, his condemnation of party bureaucracy at the Party Congress, Central Committee, Politburo meetings, and in numerous essays. On the I agree that all the above reasons did help Stalin stay in power and I believe that they are equally important reasons. Many peasants who didn’t want to join collective farms would destroy all their livestock and equipment. Stalin's theory of " ... ... power that ended Trotsky s ascension in Communist Party. In 1925, Stalin again used his shrewd political ... Lenin suffered a stroke, Stalin was elected general secretary of the Communist Party, a position ... production, Stalin chose to implement a policy ... All Papers Are For Research And Reference Purposes Only. Collectivisation became known as an organised famine. The third and last phase of the leadership struggle saw the defeat of Bukharin. Trotsky, by comparison, witnessed a major strength of his made redundant and his policies finding little support at home from a party swayed by Stalin?s pro-Slav approach. Stalin’s manipulations Control over Party organisation As SG he was able to appoint and re-assign Party members Appoint his supporters to replace Trotsky’s supporters Forced Trotsky to resign as head of Red Army in 1925 Trotsky expelled in 1927 Assassinated in 1940 as he continued to oppose Stalin in exile Gained control of the Cheka, later renamed NKVD 29. Peasants were forced to work together and all land, animals and tools were put together to produce more grain. Instead, Stalin schemed his way into power, using his position as General Secretary, and a series of ruthless political moves . During the purges many party bosses, military leaders, industrial managers, top scientists, engineers and high government officials were also purged. Joseph Stalin ended up as a notorious authoritarian leader with absolute power over the biggest country in the world – but he wasn’t always so powerful. However, they were not as popular as they believed and that Stalin was very popular with the ordinary Party member.