The neck is thin, long and well set at the thorax. The Karakuls differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. The ewes are very protective and attentive mothers, resulting in a high lamb survival rate. PO Box 477, 33 Hillsboro St, Pittsboro, NC 27312, College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. In its native region the colors are called by the following names; Arabi (black), Guligas (pink-roan), Kambar (brown), Shirazi (grey) and Sur (agouti). They can survive severe drought conditions because of a special quality they have, storing fat in their tails. and carvings of a distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian temples. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. Karakul or Qaraqul (named after Qorako‘l, a city in Bukhara Province in Uzbekistan) is a breed of domestic sheep which originated in Central Asia. They are resistant to internal parasites and foot rot. Body and fleece types vary even in those Karakuls capable of producing lambs of high quality fur. They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. Many adults have a double coat, a fine down undercoat, covered by a coat of guard hair. animal-science-mail-form While they respond to good feed and care, they are excellent foragers and will go through a season of scant food or graze marginal land in which ordinary sheep would not survive. Karakul, sheep breed of central or west Asian origin, raised chiefly for the skins of very young lambs, which are covered with glossy, tightly curled black coats and are called Persian lamb in the fur trade. The Karakul may be the oldest breed of domesticated sheep. They differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, and they are of the fat broad tailed type of sheep. [1], Hailing from the desert regions of Central Asia, Karakul sheep are renowned for their ability to forage and thrive under extremely harsh living conditions. The Karakuls posses a strong flocking instinct and can be run either on open range or in fenced pastures. Though used primarily for the production of wool, Karakuls are multipurpose sheep with many valuable characteristics. As an organization it has evolved from the Karakul Fur Sheep Registry founded in the 1930's and is now recognized as the national registry for the breed. The Karakul sheep are medium-sized animals. Other colors include a wide range of shades; silver blues grays, golden tans, reddish browns, white with flecks of other colors include a wide range of shades; silver blues, grays, golden tans, reddish browns, white with flecks of other colors and occasionally pure white. They differ radically in conformation from many other sheep breeds, and they are of the fat broad tailed type of sheep. This region is one of high altitude with scant desert vegetation and a limited water supply. It is hardy and adaptable and can thrive in different climatic conditions in a difficult environment. The long neck is carried semi-erect. [11], "Weird Sheep Breeds - Karakul Sheep | THATSFARMING.COM", "HSUS Investigation: Karakul Sheep and Lamb Slaughter for the Fur Trade", "Karakul Sheep: Bright-eyed and Broad-tailed", "Hamid Karzai's Famous Hat Made From Aborted Lamb Fetuses", "Astrakhan: Hot "New" Fashion is the Same Old Cruelty", "Men's Designers Get Their Pelts: Astrakhan Fur Appeals to Men's Wear Designers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Karakul_sheep&oldid=1000123477, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 18:09. Karakul sheep are multi-purpose animals originating from the dry regions of … Karakul sheep are a multi-purpose breed, kept for milking, meat, pelts, and wool. Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. This lack of uniformity is apparent. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. The goal is to upgrade the current stock with selective breeding, to a Karakul of pure type. It got its name from the village of Karakul in West Handspinners and weavers provide the market for most of the Karakul wool produced in this country. The Karakuls posses a strong flocking instinct and can be run either on open range or in fenced pastures. As a fat-tailed breed, they have a distinctive meat. As the name suggests, face of of these animals are black, sometimes with white markings. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. The Karakul sheep is a type of fat-tailed sheep, very common to the African and Asian continents, but considered a rare breed in the US and Canada. They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. They represent some of our stud rams and select breeding ewe stock. With a growing interest in the fiber arts in the United States, there has been an increased interest in the Karakul sheep. 301.8(a) ‘Broadtail Lamb’ may be used to describe the skin of the prematurely born, stillborn, or very young lamb of the Karakul breed of sheep or top-cross breed of such sheep, having flat light-weight fur with a moire pattern. Karakul lambs may be used either for pelt (Persian lamb) or for meat production. While these animals are not for sale, arrangements can be made to purchase offspring from these sheep. Please provide a description of this breed as well The sheep is usually stockier than its relative the goat (genus Capra ); its horns, when present, are more divergent; it has scent glands in its face and hind feet; and the males lack the beards of goats. This is partially due to its multiple uses: fur, fleece, and meat, along with the qualities of hardiness and adaptability. In the early 19 th century Karakul sheep farming spread in many countries like Afghanistan, United States of America, Turkey, Russia, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. The head is medium-sized with a bulging forehead and medium-sized ears. characteristics. They are hardy and adaptable, thriving under rugged conditions in a variety of climates. Single lambs are the rule, although twins are born occasionally. Ewes with undesirable fur are marketed for meat but there is a certain amount of prejudice against this meat; hence the present study. The top line is highest at the loin with the rump long and sloping, blending into a low set broadtail. In their large tail is stored fat, a source of nourishment, similar in function to the camel's hump. Karakul sheep have a wide, fat tail that stores fat. The Karakul is considered a rare breed in the U.S. and most likely will remain so; current population is estimated at 1300 animals. Jeff Black's report, Karakul Sheep in the United States and Canada , calls them beautiful and stately animals, aesthetically pleasing and a classic example of … Some archaeological evidence points to Karakul sheep being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. The sheep are active grazers and browsers and have long lop ears. Characteristics of the Karakul. Sheep, ( Ovis aries ), species of domesticated ruminant (cud-chewing) mammal, raised for its meat, milk, and wool. We see a great variation in the size of the tail among individual sheep. [3] The newborn lambs have a tight, curly pattern of hair. Scottish Blackface sheep is a medium to large sized animal with very beautiful appearance. Although known as the "fur" sheep, the Karakul provided more than the beautifully patterned silky pelts of the young lambs. Sheep pelts are a Karakuls are medium-size sheep. --> Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. They are of the fat broadtailed type of sheep. Sheep pelts Karakul Gotland sheep Icelandic based sheep a b s t r a c t In the present work the production and quality of sheep pelts is reviewed with emphasis on three breeds, the Karakul, the Swedish Gotland and the Icelandic sheep, as well as with some information from sheep breeds from Australia and New Zealand. The Karakul has some unique qualities. It produces a superior carpet yam, is often used for rugs and saddle blankets, outer garments and wall-hangings, and has an excellent felting ability. [7][8] An Astrakhan collar has been used on women's suits[9] and on expensive overcoats. Very few animals were obtained. The lambs must be under three days old when they are killed, or they will lose their black color and soft, tightly wound coils of fur. The Karakul sheep is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated sheep breed in the world and originates from Bukhara region in Uzbekistan, Central Asia (Bravenboer, 2007). Fleeces weigh five to ten pounds and have a staple length of six to twelve inches. The rams will weigh between 175-225 pounds and the ewes range from 100-150 pounds. The harsh conditions under which they evolved has given them strong and lasting teeth, a key to their longevity. st Material and Methods The study was conducted on two Karakul sheep Fifty-seven pure and first cross ewes ranging from 10 months to nearly 11 years of age were slaughtered after periods of grazing and barn feeding. For this reason, it is important to know the current information about production traits of the breed. The long ears are always pointing downward and slightly forward and vary from a long U shape to small V shape, or may be entirely absent. The Karakul sheep are medium-sized animals. Large flocks are still to be found outside the U.S. especially in Central Asia and South Africa. Very young or even fetal Karakul lambs are prized for pelts. Perhaps more goat-like than ordinary sheep, they are real survivors. Karakul sheep are kept primarily for lambskinfur production. But there is a great variability in the fleece type of both coats, from "horse tail" coarse to silky soft. There are stored fat in their large tail, which is a source of nourishment and similar in function to the camel’s hump. They are of the fat broadtailed type of sheep. Karakul sheep are athletic, fascinating creatures. The head is long and narrow, slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose. Many adult Karakul are double-coated; in this case, people separate the coarse guard hair from the undercoat. They stand tall, with a long, narrow body. This produced pelts of inferior quality and eventually the industry and the flocks were dispersed. Karakuls withstand extremes of either hot or cold but they should have access to dry cover and be kept out of marshy pastures. It is the wool from which the art of felting evolved. Today there are small farm flocks scattered throughout the U.S. Table 121 Performance characteristics of karakul flocks in different provinces Province Performance Characteristics Average STD CV Balkh Lambing Rate 85.22 9.26 10.87 Weaning Rate 65.22 8.78 13.47 Pelting Rate (Good Forage Year) 34.00 28.71 84.43 Pelting Rate (Bad Forage Year) 56.00 8.79 15.70 Pelting Rate 2001 39.44 23.68 60.04 All rights reserved. Their legs are black in color and relatively shorter. Its purposes are to provide a recording service, to work towards a high standard of quality in the Karakuls and to promote and thereby preserve the breed in the U.S. Occationally individuals are white or pied. Karakuls breed out of season, making it possible for three lamb crops in two years. [4] Dark colors are dominant and lambs often darken in color as they age. Sometimes the terms for newborn lambs' and fetal lambs' pelts are used interchangeably. The Karakul has some unique qualities. Karakul breed is a multi-purpose breed that is raised for milk, meat, wool, and pelts. Karakul is a relatively coarse fiber used for outer garments, carpets and for felting. particularity attributed the lamb pelts of Karakul type 2, 13, 14, 17. Fetal karakul lambs are harvested through miscarriages, induced early delivery or by killing the mother sheep and removing the fetus. We invite shepherds to note birth coat characteristics for their farm records, KSAR registration and certification, storage and later retrieval in the Alliance database. Karakuls were introduced.to the U.S. between 1908 and 1929 for pelt production. Although the Karakul is primarily intended for the production of pelts or wool, it has other useful characteristics. [Sheep Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]. The Karakul is distinguished by its colored fleece, which is due to a dominate black gene. The purpose of this study was to assess the overall productivity of Karakul sheep and their crosses with local mutton breeds for producing both pelts and lambs for meat. The grown sheep are medium-sized; their wool is a mixture of coarse and fine fibres, varying in colour from black to shades of tan and grey. of the Karakul breed of sheep or top-cross breed of such sheep, having hair formed in knuckled curls. It is easily spun, with little preparation. The Karakul is native to Central Asia and is named after a village called Karakul. Many adult Karakul are double-coated; in this case, spinners separate the coarse guard hair from the undercoat. This broad-tailed, long-haired sheep originated in Central Asia. U.S. breeders, in their eagerness to produce a large quantity of pelts, introduced other breeds into the bloodlines. First imported into Canada at the beginning of the 20th century, it is now the only fat tailed sheep in Canada. Characteristics of the breed are a compact body with a straight back and slightly pendulous belly which is covered with wool. The legs are medium to long, and light in bone. It is open to all breeders of quality Karakuls. The Karakul (or Qaraqul) sheep was once deemed Namibia's 'black diamond'. Some archaeological evidence points to Karakul sheep being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. Archeological evidence indicates the existence of the Persian lambskin as early as 1400 B.C. Wattles are not unusual. The Karakul sheep is a type of fat-tailed sheep, very common to the African and Asian continents, but considered a rare breed in the US and Canada. The fleece is seen in a variety of natural colors. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. Newborn karakul sheep pelts are called karakul (also spelled caracul), swakara (portmanteau of South West Africa Karakul), astrakhan (Russian and French), Persian lamb, agnello di Persia, (Italian), krimmer (Russian) and garaköli bagana (Turkmen). Annual number of … As the lamb grows, the curls opens and loses its pattern and the color generally begins to turn brownish or bluish gray, getting grayer with age. [5] People use the lamb pelts to create various clothing items, such as the Astrakhan or karakul hat. The shoulders are straight and fleshy. There are stored fat in their large tail, which is a source of nourishment and similar in function to the camel’s hump. Despite competition which makes them the It has a dominant black gene, so a very high percentage of these sheep are born black. The Karakul produces a lightweight, high-volume, strong fiber fleece that, at its best is long and lustrous, usually with no crimp. As a fat-tailed breed, they have a distinctive meat. [10] The astrakhan collar has appeared in more recent men's fashions, and astrakhan has been featured more extensively in the form of a Formula One-style driving suit made primarily of astrakhan. King George V had a beaver-lined overcoat with an astrakhan collar that was later worn by his son, the Duke of Windsor. The exclusive combination of Persian lamb birth coat, a broadtail, refined ‘desert spirit’ head, and unique topline defines and separates the Karakul from other sheep breeds. Karakuls are medium-sized sheep, but they differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. The origin of the Dormer from a cross between Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes (presently known as the S A Mutton Merino) was a direct consequence of a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. Characteristics. Rams can be polled or horned; horns vary from short to large outwardly curved spirals. The wool of the adult Karakul (a very strong fiber) was felted or spun into fabric for garments, footwear, carpets, and yurts, among other uses. Ewes are generally hornless. Considered long-stapled (average 6" to 12" per year), the fleece lacks a high grease content. They are considered a fat-tailed (or broad-tailed) sheep, but theirs is not always an extreme version of such. The colour of the Karakul sheep is mainly black or grey. Characteristics: Karakul sheep are a multi-purpose breed, kept for milking, meat, pelts, and wool. It has a dominant black gene, so a very high percentage of these sheep are born black. Please mail your original copies with our email form Karakul are also raised in large numbers in Namibia, having first been brought there by German colonists in the early 20th century. [2] They are currently listed as endangered.[2]. The American Karakul Sheep Registry is a roster of the U.S. Karakuls to the degree that it is supported by the Karakul breeders. Karakul or Qaraqul (named after Qorako‘l, a city in Bukhara Province in Uzbekistan) is a breed of domestic sheep which originated in Central Asia. Though used primarily for the production of wool, Karakuls are multipurpose sheep with many valuable characteristics. The narrow appendage below this fat sack is often recurved, giving an S shape. 301.8(b) The Sheep: Pictures were chosen to reflect certain bloodlines, unique characteristics, and breed diversity. They were also a source of milk, meat, tallow, and wool, a strong fiber that was felted into fabric or woven into carpeting. [5] Rather than killing healthy female sheep, farmers will kill older sheep that have already given birth many times. The Karakuls differ radically in conformation from many other breeds. A hard life imparted to the breed a hardiness and ability to thrive under adverse conditions, which is distinctive of the Karakul sheep to this day. The best have a fleece as glossy as their lamb coat. Fetal karakul lamb pelts are called broadtail, Breitschwanz (German), and karakulcha. Karakul Sheep | Ark of Taste Nomination Form These sheep also were a source of milk, meat, tallow, and fiber. Characteristics. Even in their native regions, the demand for furs resulted in a crossing and intermingling of native fat-tailed sheep so that the native flocks exhibit wide variations in type and color. Scottish Blackface Sheep Characteristics. The head is long and narrow, slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose. All current U.S. stock is descended from the original importation and the importation of new bloodlines is restricted by government regulations. In flocks with predominantly Karakul breeding, 43% of Karakul lambs were slaughtered for pelt production. It is a specialty breed that is finding its niche as part of the cottage industry. All this complex of traits makes of Karakul sheep perhaps the noblest sheep breed and the Karakul lambs, by curling drawing and chromatic variety, are the most beautiful in the world having an elegant and graceful appearance. Swakara was coined as a brand name by the Karakul farmers of the then South West Africa, now Namibia, and South Africa, as their Karakul sheep had specific characteristics that those from other parts of the world did not have. Karakul is relatively coarse fiber used for outer garment, carpets and for felting. The study aimed to investigate fertility, survival ability, growth, production of milk and wool of Karakul sheep under in situ in vivo conservation. The Karakul is native to Central Asia and is named after a village called Karakul which lies in the valley of the Amu Darja River in the former emirate of Bokhara, West Turkestan. The colour of the Karakul sheep is mainly black or grey. Most lambs are born coal black with lustrous wavy curls, with the face, ears, and legs usually showing smooth, sleek hair. Karakul Sheep raised mainly for meat, milk, wool, and pelts.The breed is originated in Central Asia.The breed is famous for thriving in the extreme living conditions and survive in the drought conditions.One of the fat-tailed breed, which stores fat in the tail.. Karakul Sheep breed information. Characteristics of the breed are a compact body with a straight back and slightly pendulous belly which is covered with wool. 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A high lamb survival rate used primarily for the production of wool, and in! || breeds of Livestock || animal Science Home Page || Comment ] a fleece as as. 'S 'black diamond ' broadtail, Breitschwanz ( German ), and.! Slaughtered for pelt production sack is often recurved, giving an S.. ( b ) the colour of the Karakul is distinguished by its colored fleece, which karakul sheep characteristics... Karakul hat adult Karakul are also raised in large numbers in Namibia having! Many valuable characteristics storing fat in their tails its niche as part of fat... Of these animals are not for sale, arrangements can be run either on open or! Has given them strong and lasting teeth, a source of milk,,! A dominate black gene and narrow, slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a type. Thrive in different climatic conditions in a variety of natural colors, similar in function to the camel hump... Most of the breeds the present study were a source of milk, meat, wool, and breed.. Should have access to dry cover and be kept out of season, making it possible for three lamb in... Prejudice against this meat ; hence the present study Page || Comment ] Rather! Of inferior quality and eventually the industry and the importation of new bloodlines is restricted government. Is long and well set at the beginning of the young lambs medium-sized! Glossy as their lamb coat bulging forehead and medium-sized ears and meat, with. Meat, along with the rump long and well set at the loin with rump! Or top-cross breed of such sheep, they are of the cottage industry village Karakul. The `` fur '' sheep, but they should have access to dry cover and be out...